Waking Up To Dream

April 19, 2009 | 1 Comment

Category: Future, Society, Unconscious, Web

What evidence is there that aboriginal dream consciousness is re-emerging into modern global culture?  In what ways might our society be taking the ship of state below the surface to deep waters mostly familiar to the artist, the mystic and child?

As society becomes more horizontal, exhibiting neoteny, there will be a prolonging of features of the infant into the adult, the aboriginal into modern society, with those that are on the fringes, such as people in poverty, ethnic minorities, artists, musicians and the Left, moving toward the conventional center.

There are the perhaps obvious signs of societal transformation seen in the dramatic increases in transparency, vast horizontal communications through new technologies via our youth and an astonishing surge in diversity as people across the world meet and communicate online.  We are observing Scandinavian economic and social support models heavily influencing the American economic transformation.  Scandinavians, both sexes, exhibit neoteny.  I don’t note any enhancement of dream consciousness or the influence of dream on their everyday.  But I am observing something very similar.

If features of dream were to emerge into waking, not unlike the vision quests of American aboriginals or aboriginal Australians, how exactly would they manifest?

Alternative online …

If I’m not mistaken, primatologist Sue Savage-Rumbaugh came up with her “Theory of Mind” to explore differences in great ape behavior and other species that seemed not capable of estimating that another individual retained separate consciousness.  Simon Baron-Cohen applied this principle to autism, calling it “mindblindness,” to offer an explanatory paradigm that parsed out differences between the autistic and the nonautistic mind.

Last week, I was exploring some unique language structures of two matrifocal societies, the Hopi and the Trobriand Islanders.  The languages display a unique attitude toward tenses, reminding me of Gregory Bateson’s interpretations of Freud’s description of primary process.  It seems that aspects of dream consciousness and primary process thinking are characteristic of these two languages.  This included only one time or tense (you can’t imagine another time without being there), one place (you can’t imagine another place without being there) and no negatives (you can’t image what something is not without imagining the something).

Stephen J. Gould would sometimes write of three-fold and four-fold parallelisms.  He was alluding to late nineteenth century and early twentieth century hypotheses that there are equivalencies between different scales of experience:  biology, society, ontogeny and personal experience.  Regarding Sue Savage-Rumbaugh’s “Theory of …

I was living a rather odd life on Monday, October 19, 1987, when the market crashed, with the Dow dropping over 22%.  I was 34, working 70-hour weeks running a sales firm specializing in gifts, calendars and greeting cards.  Fully invested in gold, using a trigger system to catch frequent upticks, I was doing well enough that all the profits from my thriving repping business were being used to pay the taxes on the investment gains.

It was an odd life I was living in that I was painting when I could, looking forward to being able to retire from business to paint full time.  So, I was working myself sick, saving like a maniac to become a full time artist.  After three years of this routine, I felt I’d saved enough to get myself halfway there.

I lost a lot of money that week in 1987, but the market came back.  I didn’t.  Expecting the market to fall, I’d become emotionally committed to societal catastrophe.  I couldn’t believe our economy could continue with anything like health while committed to the Reagan/Bush doctrine of no transparency, no regulation and little accountability.  I expected repercussions.  Then they came.  When the world …

The Unbush

April 16, 2009 | Leave a Comment

Category: Society

I thought for a while that we’d come to the end of cult of personality politics.  I was hoping our species had grown past the point of projecting the ideal parent onto our political leaders.  The world has grown so complex and subtle that no leader seemed capable of manifesting the mythology of the Good Dad or Good Mom.  It has been my hope that we were taking responsibility for own lives, our own futures, by not making politics about some person that would make things better.

Then came Bush II.  Evidently, we still require powerful stories to make the hard choices.  Bush chose to make himself society’s Judas to whichever Democrat got elected after his second term.  Just as Hitler was the personality that resulted in the uniting of 27 countries, almost 15% of the world’s nations, into a single unit, Bush is serving as the mythic focus compelling the horizontalization of the planet.  Obama is the UnBush.  Bush, like Hitler, will be haunting us, guiding us for generations.  (I am not suggesting Bush is like Hitler in other aspects.)

And so Obama is obliged to propel us forward while dragging our projections that he is special.  Yet, he …

Like most people I know, I had a somewhat odd childhood.  I started talking when I was three.  I remember spending a lot of time confused by adult communication.  Speech therapy accompanied my schooling until college.

I recall struggling to understand what made people laugh.  I could be amused, but I was often uncertain what it was that people were finding funny.

Sometime around sixth grade it’s as if my brain achieved traction and stuff started to make sense.  My closest friend was Paul Jean.  Paul died last year.  It was only recently I realized Paul had Asperger’s.

As a child, the peculiarity of Paul’s communication felt familiar and somehow consoling.  Paul was brilliant at mathematics and an effortless musician.  His affect was affable yet often strange.  I liked strange.  It was a communication style not unlike my mother’s.

I have friends and relatives with Asperger’s.  There are the obvious, unique aspects to their characters that are outlined by the diagnostic tools.  There is another facet of the Asperger’s personality which interests me as I think back to my early childhood when I exhibited some Asperger’s-like features.  Of course, all of us when moving through early stages of development displayed …

Coming Attractions

April 14, 2009 | Leave a Comment

Category: Society, Web

As the U.S. and other governments nationalize more and more corporate assets, decisions will be made on whom to tax, what projects get cut and which new projects get funded.  At the same time, deep attention will need to be offered to voting integrity, grassroots media and high quality education.

The ancient forces of top-down hierarchical control will seek to take back management of these massive changes from the top where they are being legislated.  Controlling media, tainting elections while convincing people they are tainted so they won’t vote and preventing people from getting high quality information from a high quality education all serve to keep hierarchies intact.

Changes underway have to address process:  media reform, voting integrity and education.  Changes also have to address basic human needs here and overseas:  food, universal health care, reasonably priced housing, public transportation and child care.

Subsidies to American farmers and factories that discourage Third World participation in the world economy need to disappear.  Subsidies to the more than 100 countries around the world that supply American military bases have to be ended.  Close those bases.  With the nationalized GM, Ford and Chrysler, build small, light cars, hybrid vehicles, electric cars and public …

Whole and Part

April 13, 2009 | Leave a Comment

Category: Future, Society

Observing the government’s interventions to address the changes that the economy is experiencing, I often see the individual as a metaphor for society and think of an intervention in the context of how an individual could be assisted.

I frequently shift back and forth between the scales of biology, society and individual growth and transformation.  I observe how stories operate on the level of the individual, society and even our species.  The dynamics of evolution evidence themselves at these different planes.  This website often focuses on how understanding evolution at one scale informs the others.

Thinking of what our society requires to achieve health often has me thinking in terms of an individual human.  Reading what other people are observing about the crisis, I note that others are often doing the same thing, seeking to understand a society by achieving insight into a self, using individual as metaphor.

In other essays I’ve explained what is happening by describing the crash and the coming depression as part of a process of a major social structure transition from mostly patrifocal to mostly matrifocal.  Across generations people are transforming as parents birth children with different hormonal constellations and neurological propensities from what their …

“Events and objects are self-contained points in another respect; there is a series of beings, but no becoming.  There is no temporal connection between objects.  The taytu always remains itself; it does not become over-ripe; over-ripeness is an ingredient of another, a different being.  At some point, the taytu turns into a yowana, which contains over-ripeness, and the yowana, over-ripe as it is, does not put forth shoots, does not become a sprouting yowana.  When sprouts appear, it ceases to be itself; in its place appears a silasata.  Neither is there a temporal connection made–or, according to our own premises, perceived–between events; in fact, temporality is meaningless.  There is no tenses, no linguistic distinction between past or present.  There is no arrangement of activities or events into means and ends, no causal or teleologic relationships.  What we consider a casual relationship in a sequence of connected events, is to the Trobriander an ingredient of a patterned whole.  He names this ingredient u’ula.” (Lee, D (1968) “Codifications of reality: Lineal and non-lineal,” in Every Man His Way: Readings in Cultural Anthropology, Dundes, A., Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs. p. 334)

Wandering through my notes looking for patterns, I came across this passage …

Black Man

April 11, 2009 | Leave a Comment

Category: Auto-Biography

I was raised in Glencoe, Illinois, in the 50s and 60s.  Perhaps half of the students in my grammar school classes were Jewish, the rest Protestant and Catholic.  My father was “agnostic” though not a deep thinker on the subject.  My mom was vaguely religious.  We lit Hanukkah candles every second or third year, attending her stepfather’s Passover some years.  Every year we celebrated Christmas with a tree, opening presents on the 25th.

The Jewish population of Chicago’s northern suburbs had not yet polarized in favor of reflexive support of Israel.  The 1967 war had not yet happened.  There was a sadness associated with the occupation of Palestine.  The grief around WWII was still in people’s minds.  Among my family and friends, no one talked of Israel except the old folks.  They did not talk of it often.  My family on both sides was deeply Americanized.  I wasn’t aware of which of my friends were Jewish and which weren’t.  Glencoe in the 50s and early 60s was about making money and buying stuff.

My father’s parents lived about four blocks from us on the street across from Lake Michigan.  Both my parents were raised with live-in help, usually African Americans, …

Basque Mysteries

April 10, 2009 | 3 Comments

Category: Society

The Basque culture has the last surviving pre Indo European language in Western Europe.

Marija Gimbutas in her The Living Goddesses describes the Basques as a society with several matrilineal traits still intact.  “Basque law codes give the woman high status as inheritor, arbitrator, and judge, in both ancient and modern times.” (p. 122).  In Gimbutas’s The Civilization of the Goddess she notes, “Brothers are given away in marriage by their sisters.  In all their usages, their social condition is one of gynaecocracy. ” (p. 348)

John Grinder, a founder of neurolinguistic programming, described a Basque child rearing practice that encouraged ambidexterity and cooperation.  Pairs of children were sent to the top of hills with two-handed tea cups.  They were then required to descend the mount without spilling any water, each holding one handle the whole descent.

Gimbutas notes that the Basques retained a lunar calendar and matrilineal laws of inheritance into the 20th century.  Equality of the sexes was the historical norm.

The Goddess Mari headed Basque pre-Christian religion.

A cursory review of what I can find on the web in an hour is not giving me much support for an ambidextrous or left leaning culture.  One odd entry …

Imagine that ten years from now autism and Asperger’s are still on the rise.  It is discovered that aboriginal matrifocal societies often exhibit what Gregory Bateson described as primary process.

“Primary process is characterized (e.g., by Fenichel) as lacking negatives, lacking tense, lacking in any identification of linguistic mood (i.e., no identification of indicative, subjunctive, optative, etc.) and metaphoric.  These characterizations are based upon the experience of psychoanalysts, who must interpret dreams and the patterns of free associations.” (Bateson G (1972) Steps to an Ecology of Mind.  Balantine: New York, p. 139)

In other words, some ancient matrilineal societies may exhibit a less robust “theory of mind” than moderns.  Connections between matrifocal aboriginals and modern autistics are made.

The recapitulationists of the early twentieth century that emphasized three-fold and four-fold parallelisms make a new kind of sense.  In other words, there emerges a connection between the scales of human societal evolution and individual ontogeny insofar as aboriginal society child rearing practices inform how modern society can raise the children of its high testosterone women.  (I hypothesize that the women in early matrifocal societies are high testosterone and high estrogen.)

Imagine that ten years from now these connections are being made.  …

I’m shocked at the conclusion come to at the end of yesterday’s piece.  It is often the case that I begin an essay with only a vague idea of where we’re headed.  Sometimes the conclusion reveals possibilities that were nowhere on my radar when I began.

It seems from the work of Benjamin Whorf and other scientists and theorists that the Hopi manifest features suggesting ties to the left end of our left/right, matrifocal/patrifocal, anomalous dominant/conventional cerebral organization arc of features.  Exploring these kinds of societies, I’ve expected to see increased percentages of left-handedness along with a higher numbers of patients with diseases featuring specific hormonal constellations (see Introduction to the “Theory of Waves”).  What struck me yesterday is the possibility that those cultures have developed child rearing practices that decrease the likelihood of further drift in a matrifocal, male maturational-delayed, female maturational-accelerated direction.  Increased left-handedness and diseases and conditions we are hypothesizing are associated with matrifocal society, but they may only emerge when traditional child rearing practices are abandoned or there is an embracing of Western testosterone-influencing and estrogen-influencing societal practices such as high fat diets, alcohol consumption, drug use, lack of exercise, etc.

Two things are implied.  First, …

Bouncing around Pub Med looking for patterns connecting handedness, ethnicity, disease, conditions characterized by maturational delay and social structure, it seems pretty clear that many cultures offer poor information on the details of their structure and conditions.  Benjamin Whorf explored Hopi language, forming conclusions that have since become controversial.  There have been brain studies.  Little seems available regarding the prevalence of diseases and conditions.  So far, I find nothing on handedness distributions.  There is high quality information on social structure.

“The Hopi thought-world had no imaginary space.  The corollary to this is that it may not locate thought dealing with real space anywhere but in real space, nor insulate real space from the effects of thought.  A Hopi would naturally suppose that his thought (or he himself) traffics with the actual rosebush—or more likely, corn plant—that he is thinking about.  The thought then should leave some trace of itself with the plant in the field.  If it is a good thought, one about health and growth, it is good for the plant; if a bad thought, the reverse.” (Whorf, B. L. (1956) Language, Thought & Reality.  MIT Press: Cambridge p. 150)

I wonder first if these conclusions are still …

“Nonright-handedness (NRH) has been attributed to hypoxia-induced brain changes in the fetus and associated pregnancy and birth complications (PBCs). Maternal smoking during pregnancy is known to produce prenatal hypoxia for the fetus, which may result in low birth weight and other PBCs. It was hypothesized that maternal smoking during pregnancy results in a leftward shift of handedness in the offspring. This study compared the distribution of handedness in the offspring of mothers who did and did not smoke cigarettes during pregnancy. Information on maternal smoking, handedness, and PBCs was analyzed for 803 university students. There was a significant shift to the left in the distribution of handedness scores for the offspring of smoking mothers (N = 216), as compared to those of nonsmoking mothers (N = 587). Offspring of smoking mothers also reported significantly more PBCs. Results are consistent with the hypothesis that NRH is associated with pathological neurodevelopment.” (Bakan P. (1991) Handedness and maternal smoking during pregnancy. Int J Neurosci 56 (1-4): 161)

There’s about a three-month lag from the time these pieces are written until they post. It is January 16, 2009, today and Simon Baron-Cohen is releasing another study emphasizing that high mother uterine testosterone levels influence …

Marcia and I were in the gift business for almost twenty years.  She was a retailer.  I was a rep.  We saw the world from two totally different points of view.

In the late 1970s, I took a shot at making a living as a commercial artist serving local businesses, creating my own paintings on the side.  I worked part time as a vegetarian chef, as an assistant teacher working with handicapped children (Down’s, autistic, brain damaged, schizophrenic) and in a day care center.  I collected my illustrations of maps of states of consciousness and published the images as a greeting card line called Maplands.

The greeting card company morphed into a repping firm that carried small greeting card lines from publishers and artists across the country.  I found I could make a living representing the wide variety of images emerging on the scene.  I lugged samples to small, new, local stores specializing in a new industry calling itself the contemporary greeting card business.  Gibson, Hallmark and American Greetings were being challenged by Recycled Paper.  With Recycled Paper’s success, a host of smaller competitors appeared.  These were the kinds of companies I was working with.

My sister Terry joined me, …


April 3, 2009 | Leave a Comment

Category: Society, Web

My interests often have me straddling different worlds, offering perspectives that if not unique, are at least interesting.  Or, at least my perspectives seem interesting to me.  I know someone who was asked by his professor, “Are you, perhaps, the most interesting person that you know?”  I seem to experience that same ebullient narcissism.  Hopefully, it grows more innocent with time.

In grammar school I was a science nut.  I was 11 when my mom’s mental illness required her institutionalization.  My interests veered away from science toward art and psychology as I sought to understand the whys instead of the hows.  Looping back thirty years later, I find both science and the less tangible enthralling.

Nights and weekends, I spend much of my time at meetings, emailing and on the phone talking with activists and organizers across the country.  I read evolutionary theory works at night before I go to sleep, writing when I awaken around 6:00 a.m.  During the day, I run my web design and development business.  These three things–organizing, theorizing and managing a business–have achieved a rhythm that feels pretty right.  The juxtaposition of the three offers interesting, overlapping views.

To observe society free falling into the …

Marcia got home late last night from an activist event and burst whooping into the bedroom where I was slipping from book to book.  I was reading Alinsky on organizing, Freud on the structure of humor, an Evo Devo text on Lamarckian evolution and a book on handedness.  I jumped, startled by her entry.

“We got it!  We got it!”

Unable to read the letter without her glasses, she handed it to me.   I read what we got.  The federal government had granted 501(c)3 status to the Peace, Justice and Environment Project.  Donors writing checks to PJEP could take it off of their taxes.

It was time to call Laurel and break open the champagne!

Marcia has worked for three seasons conducting the research, writing up the documents, consulting with friends (thank you, Allan Gratch!) and rewriting documents in order that contributions to the project could be deductible.  We could now begin the process of soliciting donations.

Then I realized that this is when the mythmaking begins.

It’s astonishing what we’ve accomplished in the almost three years since we started this project.  After Kerry lost, I went from being an occasional activist uncomfortable attending demonstrations to a hyper activist and …

One Year

April 1, 2009 | Leave a Comment

Category: Auto-Biography

It’s been one year today that I’ve been posting these daily essays. These blogs get written about three months before they post, allowing time for an editor to tidy them. (Thank you, Roger Olson.) I’ve also found the time lag extremely helpful in providing me perspective on this project. By the time a piece posts, I feel comfortable with its appearing public.

I’ve written about 340 pieces in the last year, posting one each day. I’m astonished I’ve kept up this pace. Still, there is redundancy.

Some of my favorites appeared almost a year ago when traffic was far smaller. I’ll link back to some of those.

Geography Activism
In this piece, a biological principle is applied to activism, specifically, online activism. This is the first of many such essays.

Society Neotenizing
This is the first essay on the transformation of societies through heterochronic processes. I am not aware of this principle appearing in any venue before this piece.

Big Picture/Present Moment
A piece that, for me, connects the macro with the micro.

Blessed Dissociation
This piece describes existential dissociation in a way that felt satisfying once put to words.

Liberating Chains
A short piece describing some of the satisfactions …

It’s only been this year that I don’t feel a Cold War chill when the Evanston air raid sirens go off after snowstorms to alert the community that side street plowing is underway.  I grew up deeply impacted by the societal certainty that the world would end in nuclear conflagration. Polls from the 1960s showed the majority of Americans believed that the world would end in nuclear war.  The Cold War weighed upon my mind and my dreams when I was a child and a young man.  There was no sound more terrifying than the air raid sirens.  Practice on Tuesday mornings always, without exceptions, brought me the chill of terror.

An activist’s showing of Dr. Strangelove this last January was followed by a discussion.  It was taking place in Hyde Park, a few blocks from Obama’s home at the 57th Street Friends Building.  I chose not to watch the film; instead I read in the next room.  When I was young, I saw Dr. Strangelove, Fail-Safe and On the Beach.  These three films probably politicized me more than any other single event, as I was shifted left by forming an identity with a world I perceived as …

“As early as the first day of life, the human neonate moves in precise and sustained segments of movement that are synchronous with the articulated structure of adult speech.  These observations suggest a view of development of the infant as a participant at the outset in multiple forms of interactional organization, rather than as an isolate. …  In contrast, microanalysis of pathological behavior — for instance, that of subjects with aphasic, autistic, and schizophrenic conditions — reveals marked self-asynchronies.  Delayed auditory feedback also markedly disturbs this self-synchrony. …  For example, as the adult emits the KK of “come,” which lasts for 0.07 second, the infant’s head moves right very slightly (Rvs), the left elbow extends slightly (Es), the right shoulder rotates outward slightly (ROs) the right hip rotates outward fast (ROf), the left hip extends slightly (Es), and the big toe of the left foot adjusts (AD).  These body parts sustain these directions and speeds of movement together for this 0.07-second interval.  This forms a “unit” composed of the sustained relation of these movements of the body. …  This 2-day-old infant displayed segments of movement synchronous with the adult’s speech during the entire 89-word sequence.  In other words, this is …

The People

March 29, 2009 | 1 Comment

Category: Auto-Biography

Rosanna Schatzki works with me conducting research on diseases and conditions.  We’re starting off by looking for connections that support the thesis that breast cancer, prostate cancer and testicular cancer have correlations with the many variables connected to our theory.  I’m expecting increased incidence of relatively rare conditions like male breast cancer in populations such as the Jews and blacks, who have migrated from equatorial regions.  I’m also expecting higher rates in Scandinavian countries.  I told Rosanna to check to see if Iceland shows higher rates of male breast cancer.

Yesterday she discovered a study that concluded that there are unusually high rates of male breast cancer among Icelanders and Ashkenazi Jews.  We’re off and running.

Paul Whittaker works with me finding the email addresses of academics conducting research in areas related to what I explore.  For example, I’ll give him a book closely connected to my work, such as Geoffrey Miller’s The Mating Mind or Simon Baron-Cohen’s Prenatal Testosterone in Mind and I’ll have him, using Google, uncover the contact information for selected professors cited in the books.  When a piece comes up that seems related to a professor’s work, I email an invitation to visit.  Almost 50% of …

Our culture is in denial.  We are telling ourselves everything is going to get better in a little while, or if not in a little while, a somewhat longer time.  Then we are thinking yesterday’s normal will return.  There seems little understanding for how far the foundation of our society and our accompanying beliefs have already shifted.  There also seems little understanding for how fast the acceleration is continuing.

Observing the Obama Administration interventions, it’s clear that many decisions are being delayed until a more powerful impetus emerges from below and a consensus or new conventional wisdom starts to surface.  Trillions are being spent to maintain the system that got us where we are.  This is not unlike a drug addict borrowing money to buy a better class of less toxic drugs.

Though a robust majority of citizens in this country support national health care and enhanced government services, the myth still lingers that the United States is qualitatively better than other societies with attributes having something to do with liberty, freedom, independence, innovation and creativity.  There is the story that has been told for many years that this country’s accomplishments, usually economic accomplishments, have to do with unrestrained creativity …

Consider the exhibition of partnership society or matrifocal features in Scandinavian societies and evidence of these qualities in the Canadian, New England, Minnesota and Wisconsin populations.  In earlier pieces, we’ve noted the possible relationships between the need for Vitamins A and D in Scandinavian populations and the exhibition of neotenous features in both sexes of the populations, such as blond hair, blue eyes, lanky builds and lactate tolerance.  Observing the egalitarian social and political aspects of Scandinavian nations, I’ve hypothesized that there might be a direct connection between the neotenous features of individuals within a population and the partnership or matrifocal features exhibited by the society as a whole.

I’m seeing similar patterns in other regions of the world.  Of course, individuals from Finland, Norway, Sweden and Denmark have immigrated to Canada, New England, Minnesota and Wisconsin, carrying their biological and social proclivities with them.  Would this explain why North Dakota and Montana are so conservative by comparison?  Do North Dakota and Montana have different ethnic makeups?

I’m seeking evidence that simply living in a northern latitude influences populations to exhibit neotenous features.  One place to look for information is by exploring differences between indigenous American Indian populations.

“Thus …

Ten years ago as this theory came together, then called “Shift Theory,” I imagined setting up a research foundation to explore the medical implications of the hypothesis. With the original impetus behind the research being an exploration of the origin of dragon and then serpent myths across six continents (see humanevolution.net), I titled the first site the Serpent Foundation. The serpent suggested, for me, the matrifocal origins of culture and the serpent as a symbol of the medical profession, a connection derived from those early societies.

With time I let the title drop. It seemed cultish and, in our culture, suggestive of something sinister. Visitors were sometimes confused. Confusion was not the effect I was looking for. Nevertheless, serpentfd.org is still a functional domain name of the original site, now going by the URL sexualselection.org.

Ten years later, I’ve brought in a research assistant, Rosanna Schatzki, to help me gather information and help write papers that will appear in this blog from time to time. Roger Olson continues his excellent editing as he has over the last year, having edited almost 400 pages of these essays.

Of the many conditions and diseases that lend themselves to interpretation by …

I’m becoming one of those people that believe that there is no such thing as random chance.  I don’t believe in god in any of the Western traditional senses.  I don’t believe in reincarnation.  I don’t believe each person’s life is preordained.  I believe in what I’ve personally experienced, and then I take that with a grain of salt, figuring there are unconscious agendas.  In a way, I live my life inside a big “as if” frame, believing many things tentatively based upon the information that I have.

Part of this revolves around my belief that my unconscious is aware of everything my conscious is aware of, except earlier and with more information, and it is less distracted than my conscious mind.  I take my conscious machinations as sort of the froth at the edge of big waves hitting shore.  Lots of sound and fury, but most significant is the depths that it implies.

My feeling that there is little random chance is revolving around the sense that I as an individual and we as a society are living lives that are guided by the stories we create.  I often have the sense that as compulsive story makers we are …